Origanum onites, Origanum vulgare
There are mainly two different varieties of oregano commonly traded in the industry. Origanum onites is the main variety that grows in Turkey. Origanum vulgare variety is also available from this region. Oregano in nature has above 3 % volatile oil. Main oil component of the oregano is carvacrol. There may be some sub-species that contains thymol as the main component.
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Salvia officinalis, Salvia triloba
Sage is available in two varieties. Salvia officials and Salvia triloba. Salvia officinalis, is imported from Albania or Dalmation Coast is also cultivated in Turkey. This variety mainly goes to the USA. Salvia triloba is the Turkish Sage which grows wild and mostly consumed in Europe and Far East.
Thyme is a relative of Oregano. Oregano is mostly traded in the market as thyme.
The essential oil of common thyme, contains 20–54% thymol. Thymol, an antiseptic, is an active ingredient in various commercially produced mouthwashes. Before the usage of modern antibiotics, oil of thyme was used to medicate bandages.
Also called bay leaf, this aromatic herb is manually collected from the evergreen bay laurel tree which is native to the Mediterranean. The two main varieties are Mediterranean (Turkish) and Californian. In fact, the two types of bay leaves are not even directly related. Fresh California bay leaves (Umbellularia californica, Lauraceae), come from a tree that has a decidedly more potent eucalyptus flavor that can easily dominate a dish if you're not careful, while Turkish bay is much milder.The oval-shaped Mediterranean or "true laurel" leaves are the variety most commonly found in the market. Largely supplied by Turkey, these have a more subtle flavor than the oilier, more narrow leaves produced by laurel trees grown in California.
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for the different qualities available.
Cumin is the dried seed of the herb Cuminum cyminum, a member of theApiaceae family. The cumin plant grows to 30–50 cm (12–20 in) tall and is harvested by hand. Turkey supplies 6-7% of the worlds cumin consumption. We are the largest processed Mediterranean cumin supplier. We also cultivate our own cumin. Cumin is available in whole seed and powder form.
Anise is sweet and very aromatic, distinguished by its characteristic flavour. The seeds, whole or ground, are used for preparation of tea as well as in a wide variety of regional and ethnic food and drinks. The most powerful flavor component of the essential oil of anise, anethole, is found in both anise and an unrelated spice indigenous to northern China called star anise. Star anise, being less expensive than mediterranean aniseed, is more used for its essential oil.
Dried fennel seed is an aromatic, anise-flavoured spice, green in color when fresh and it becomes greenish brown in time. Fennel, like many other spices is used for culinary, medicinal, cosmetic, tea and baby food purposes. Birlik exports nearly %80 of Turkish Fennel to the world.
Poppy seed is an oilseed obtained from the opium poppy. The tiny kidney-shaped seeds have been harvested from dried seed pods. The seeds are used, whole or ground, as an ingredient in many foods, and they are pressed to yield poppyseed oil. There are white and blue poppy seed. Turkey supplies mostly blue poppy seed to EU countries and USA. We can supply poppy seed with up to 99.9% cleanliness.